How to Disassemble, Clean and Lubricate a Springfield XD or XDm 9mm or XD 45 Pistol
I am going to give you step-by-step instructions on how to clean and lubricate a Springfield XD or XDm 9mm pistol. This will also work for a Springfield XD 45.
From taking it apart (field stripping) to complete reassembly, this tutorial will have you quickly and confidently performing this task in 10-15 minutes.
There is also a video at the bottom of the article.
This is pretty straight forward as the XD and XDm guns are very well-designed to come apart and clean easily. After doing this once, you will be able to do it even quicker the next time without instructions!
The Springfield XD is also designed to come apart without having to press the trigger. Some guns, like Glock, require the trigger to be pulled in order to release the slide, which has resulted in some negligent discharges in the past. This is mostly the result of the failure to unload the gun prior to cleaning, however, it also helps to avoid pulling the trigger when you are not on the range!
If you have never tried to take down (field strip) a semiautomatic gun, rest easy as it is not hard or complicated. At least not the Springfield XD.
Most guns come apart in a similar way, but different manufacturers have different ways to release the slide, and you should always find a tutorial before attempting to remove the slide from an unfamiliar gun for the first time.
Springfield XD Cleaning and Lubrication Supplies
Here are the supplies you will need to complete the disassembly and cleaning of the XD or XDm pistol. There are lots of different cleaning products, so I will list the ones I have used for years of trouble free results.
Brownells also carries all the products you need to clean your handgun. Check them out here: Handgun Cleaning supplies.
- Hoppes No. 9 Gun Solvent or try the best, Veteran Owned Original Gun Oil (Use Discount Code SAVEWITHDAVE) See my review article Best Gun Oil Review.
- Hoppes Boresnake or equivalent (this will save you time and effort)
- Rod and patches kit (if you do not have a Boresnake)
- Gun Scrubber Synthetic Safe cleaning solvent
- Slip 2000 EWL or Original Gun Oil
- Cotton swabs or lint-free swabs
- Micro fiber cloth or paper towels
Steps to Field Strip and clean the Springfield XD or XDm 9mm pistol
Unload the gun
This is the most important step. Eject any magazine that is in the gun by pressing the magazine release button, and then remove the round in the chamber. Be sure to do it in that order! Magazine first, then empty the chamber! Remove any and all ammo from the area.
Repeat Step 1. Verify the gun is completely unloaded
This step is in case you skipped step number one.
Remove the slide, the barrel, the recoil spring and the guide rod
Lock the slide to the rear using slide stop lever.
Rotate the take-down lever clockwise from the 9 o’clock position to the 12 o’clock position.
Release the Slide Stop and move the slide forward and off of the front of the gun frame.
Turn the slide upside down and Depress the Guide Rod Toward the Front of the Slide to release from the barrel.
Carefully lift the guide rod and recoil spring out of the slide.
Remove the barrel from the slide.
That’s it for the disassembly of the Springfield XD. This is as far as you need to go to give the gun a good cleaning, or to replace the recoil spring.
Clean barrel and guide rod
You can clean the inside of the barrel in one of two ways:
1. Run a Boresnake through the barrel several times. For extremely dirty barrels, apply some Hoppes No. 9 solvent to the inside of the barrel with Q-tips and let it sit for a few minutes before running the boresnake through.
2. Using a pistol rod and cloth patches. Wet the patches with Hoppes solvent and using the rod, push wet patches through the barrel until they come out clean. Depending on how dirty the barrel is, you may need a lot of patches.
Clean the feed ramp of the barrel with Hoppes No. 9 solvent.
Be sure the barrel and feed ramp are nice and clean.
Use Hoppes Number 9 solvent & a rag or spray with Birchwood Gun Scrubber to clean the recoil spring and guide rod assembly. Wipe any remaining solvent off with a micro fiber cloth or paper towel.
Clean the gun frame
Use Hoppes #9 solvent and a paper towel or cotton swabs to clean all surfaces of the frame, especially the rails where the slide contacts the frame. On the XD/XDm and other guns that have a polymer (plastic) frame, do not get Hoppes No. 9 solvent on parts that are not metal.
The best way to clean a polymer frame is to spray it down with Birchwood Casey Synthetic-Safe Gun Scrubber or equivalent. After using either cleaner, use a micro fiber cloth or rag to wipe any excess solvent off of the frame.
Clean the Slide
Use Hoppes No. 9 solvent and a cotton swab or paper towel to clean all surfaces on the inside of the slide, especially the areas that contact the frame rails during operation.
Be sure to get the breech face and extractor.
Using a quality lubricant such as Frog Lube, Slip 2000 or my new favorite, Original Gun Oil (Warning: this stuff is not cheap, but it is non-toxic, non-scented and non-staining and supports Veterans. Use code SAVEWITHDAVE to save 10%).
Add just a few drops to the following areas:
- Hammer pivot
- Slide stop
- All moving parts in trigger control area
- Hammer cocking surface
- Firing pin aperture
No need for more than a few drops. The oil will move around on its own and coat the necessary surfaces.
Reassemble the gun
This part is very simple once you do it a few times. Set the slide upside down and put the barrel into the slide. Then place the recoil spring assembly on top and press on the end so it fits in the groove on the barrel as shown in the picture.
Then line up the slide with the frame and slide it on.
Move it to the rear and lock the slide back with the slide lock lever.
Rotate the take down lever counter clockwise to the 9 o’clock position.
Release the slide stop and allow the slide to move all the way forward.
Work the slide back and forth several times to be sure it operates properly, and to allow the lube to spread into all the areas that move.
After working the slide, some oil may seep out between the slide and the frame. This is just some excess you can simply wipe away.
Lastly, you can test the functionality of the gun by taking some dummy rounds and loading the gun with them. Now make sure a round is ejected every time you rack the slide to the rear.
The gun is now clean, fully assembled and ready for another day at the gun range!
How to Clean a Springfield XD or XDm Pistol video
Thanks for reading my tutorial on cleaning a Springfield XD or XDm 9mm pistol! I hope this has helped you out.
Also, see my tutorial on Cleaning a Kimber 1911 Pro Carry II.
For answers to other gun cleaning questions, see the Gun Cleaning FAQ page.
Please leave a comment below if you have any improvements I could make, or to share your experience with this gun.
I recently made the decision to sign my wife and I up for a Platinum Membership with the USCCA (United States Concealed Carry Association). Since we both Concealed Carry all the time, I decided to get some of the best online information and training available. The membership also includes up to $2,250,000 in self defense liability insurance. Click the link to check out the USCCA. USCCA Costs and Benefits.